Resources for Bicycle Facilities – Planning & Implementation
Bicycling as a mode of transportation has led to the development of a number of excellent resources that offer information and guidance on how best to accommodate bicycles and their drivers.
Whether you are a professional planner, traffic engineer, local government official, or citizen who has an interest in supporting bicycling, these publications and websites can be very useful in planning the appropriate facilities.
Smart Transportation Guidebook, March 2008, PennDOT, 7.4 Bicycle Facilities This document is available on the PennDOT website. http://www.smart-transportation.com/guidebook.html
Guide for the Development of Bicycle Facilities, AASHTO, 1999 This edition will be replaced with a new publication in 2011. This resource is the basis for most planning and implementation of bicycle facilities. It sets national standards. The Guide also provides an understanding of the different types of bicyclists and their needs. It makes the case that education of bicyclists should be one of the elements of a bicycle transportation plan. The new edition’s title is Guide for the Planning, Design and Operation of Bicycle Facilities. The draft document can be found through an internet search.
PennDOT’s Bike Ped Check List should be used to make certain that bicyclists and pedestrians’ needs are included in a road project. ftp://ftp.dot.state.pa.us/public/PubsForms/Forms/D-310.pdf
PennDOT’s Bicycle and Pedestrian Training Manual prepared by Michael Baker Jr., Inc. and URS Corporation, 2006, continues to serve as a useful guide. ftp://ftp.dot.state.pa.us/public/pdf/BikePedTrainingManual.pdf
BIKESAFE: Bicycle Countermeasure Selection System, FHWA, May 2006 This resource is available from the FHWA. This detailed publication is especially designed for planners and engineers, but the public can find information to substantiate their arguments for bicycle facilities and the need for education and enforcement. Hard copies can be ordered from the FHWA or the digital version is available on the internet or at bicyclinginfo.org.
MUTCD, Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices: The section on bicycling includes the newest two additions: Bikes May Use Full Lane signage and the road marking for shared lane (sharrows). PennDOT is in the approval process for both of these, but requests at the district level can be made for use prior to final approval. http://mutcd.fhwa.dot.gov/htm/2009/part9/part9_toc.htm
Bicycle Parking Guidelines, 2nd edition, 2010, Association of Pedestrian and Bicycle Professionals (APBP) This is a document for purchase; however, they provide a free download Bicycle Parking Resource which provides basic information and recommendations. www.apbp.org
www.bicyclinginfo.org is the website funded by FHWA as a location for much information about what bicyclists need for driving on the roads. This site has a plethora of recommendations for advocacy and planning. The site has examples from across the U.S. including examples of bike plans and other activities to improve bicycling for transportation. For example, there is a major article about the research completed on shared lane markings (sharrows). It links the reader to many other resources.
League of American Bicyclists, www.bikeleague.org , provides information on a variety of issues that help to make bicycling more viable as a means not only of recreation, but practical transportation. They also emphasize the importance of becoming a skilled “driver” of a bicycle.